Laterite, UNICEF and the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC) conducted a survey across Rwanda to assess the drivers of dropout and repetition in schools. The study reached 8,000 children aged 6 to 18, and interviewed members of their households, schools and communities.

The findings will inform the development of evidence-based policy options to increase retention, completion and the overall efficiency of the education system. 

Laterite’s Policy Brief summarizes the findings of this study and outlines the key drivers of dropout and repetition in Rwandan schools.

The study found that repetition affects mostly younger children entering the education system. On the other hand, dropout impacts older children, increasing with each grade. Dropout is closely related to students’ age, as a late start is a key predictor of future dropout.

Household income is also correlated with dropout as children from wealthier households are more likely to stay on-track. This is due to the increase in non-tuition related education expenses (e.g. transportation costs, uniforms) and the increased opportunity cost of being in school.

This work was carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and was funded by UNICEF. The full report Understanding dropout and repetition in Rwanda is available online.