Social Protection (Case Study)
Project Name: Case Study on the VUP Social Protection Program in Rwanda
Client: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Laterite Service: Data
Sample: 1100 individuals; 32 Focus Groups; 28 Key Informant Interviews
Project Description: Laterite supported FAO to conduct a case study on Social Protection and Women’s Empowerment in Rwanda. The Rwanda Case Study investigated the linkages between the Vision 2020 Umurenge Program (VUP) and women’s empowerment. The VUP is targeted at the abject and very poor based on community-based targeting using the local household wealth categories, known as ubudehe. The VUP program consists of four pillars, of which the largest two are Direct Support (DS) and Public Works (PW). Direct Support consists of unconditional cash transfers targeted at extremely poor households comprising of an adult who is able to work. Public Works offers paid employment for community asset building projects and are targeted at extremely poor households with at least one adult who is able to work. Financial Services (FS) is the third pillar and provides access to savings, credit and financial institutions. Finally, the fourth pillar focuses on creating awareness within the community on the VUP and how the program can support households to improve their lives.
The VUP program was initiated by the Government of Rwanda (GoR), in collaboration with development partners and NGOs. It is led by the Ministry of Local Government, Good Governance, Community Development and Social Affairs (MINALOC) and supported by the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (MINECOFIN).
Laterite worked in close collaboration with FAO Rwanda to conduct the case study and lead the quantitative and qualitative data collection in the field. Laterite used quantitative and qualitative tools were developed by FAO to ensure consistency across all the case studies implemented in several countries.
For the quantitative component, Laterite administered interviews in treatment and control villages with a sample of 505 households and approximately 1100 individuals. This entailed training our enumerator team, piloting the research instruments, conducting field preparation visit to inform community officials, identify households and inform selected households of the date/time of survey interview to obtain consent and minimize attrition. We also conducted random spot-checks in the field, cleaned the household and individual survey data and tabulated the data. For the qualitative component, our qualitative research team conducted 32 focus groups and 28 Key Informant Interviews in 6 different communities.
Impact: The motivation of the research programme was to assess the role of social protection schemes in reducing gender inequalities and promoting women’s empowerment, and identify ways in which social protection schemes can be improved for achieving rural women’s economic and social empowerment.
Case Study on the VUP Social Protection Program in Rwanda