Cash Transfer (RCT)
Project Name: Evaluation of the Graduation Model Programme
Client: Concern Worldwide Burundi
Laterite Service: Data
Sample: 1200 Quantitative Interviews: 4 districts
Project Description: Laterite partnered with Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex for the design and analysis of the evaluation of a cash-transfer program in Burundi called the Graduation Model Program. The design is based on a quasi-experimental approach aimed at evaluating the effect of the program on two levels of treatment: an intensive treatment, which involves cash transfer and training, and a less intensive treatment which just involves cash-transfer. The evaluation builds on a mixed methods approach consisting of three household surveys in time (a baseline, midline and endline), a monthly monitoring survey and a qualitative survey that assesses the community’s opinion and perception of the Programme and its services. Data is collected from 2,600 households focusing on income, nutrition, land, health, trade/occupation modules and has been analyzed by the Laterite team.
There are 4 primary components to the Graduation Model program including:
- Targeting: making sure the poorest households are included in the intervention; accordingly, Concern Worldwide Burundi has selected the Provinces of Cibitoke (north-west) and Kirundo (north-east) as priority areas of intervention until 2015, based on an analysis of the level of poverty in the 17 Provinces of Burundi;
- Consumption support (or Cash Transfers), which will generally be provided as cash to help participants and their families stabilise their consumption levels until they start earning income from the assets that have been enhanced as part of the programme; (iii)
- Micro Finance and in particular Savings, which will help the extremely poor people manage risks, build resilience and reduce the likelihood of having to sell assets when faced with a shock;
- Skills training and regular coaching on a series of areas, such as budgeting and management of expenditure, life planning and conflict resolution, and social and business networking skills.
Laterite is working with the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex to provide research support for the baseline and endline quantitative surveys and the monthly monitoring surveys. This includes training the enumerators teams, refining the research instruments, supporting the programming of the research instruments, and conducting the data cleaning, processing and analysis of the collected data.
Impact: The research in Burundi will specifically examine:
- What thresholds amongst the identified indicators exist to suggest a household has moved from one level of graduation to another? What thresholds can be identified, in financial or asset terms, to ascertain whether a beneficiary has moved from one level to the next? What characteristics are consistent with saying somebody has sustainably graduated.
- Does the Graduation model as supported in Burundi lead to sustainable improvements in the livelihoods of the extreme poor?
- To what extent do the benefits accruing to participants in the graduation programme depend on the level of coaching provided? Does the more intensive coaching provided lead to greater levels of dependency?
- How much does it cost to graduate sustainably an individual from extreme poverty? What are the overall cost to benefit ratios associated with the graduation model, this will need to take account the long run benefits which accrue (this should not be restricted to immediate economic benefits), identifying the differences between the intensive and non-intensive support.
- How successful have savings proved to be as a risk reduction approach? Has the approach improved resilience to shocks?
- Do beneficiaries who have graduated have better health seeking behaviours?
- How well has the approach to targeting been undertaken and was the programme successful in addressing inclusion and exclusion errors.
- Has the provision of support through the graduation model led to a reduction in other support provided to poorer households by community members? What are the beneficiaries opinions on this?